Install proper barriers, covers, and alarms around and on your pool and spa.
Make sure your pool and spa has compliant drain covers.
Teach children to stay away from drains.
Use non-slip materials on the pool deck, diving board, and ladders.
The pool ladder steps should be at least 3 inches wide.
The pool ladder should have handrails on both sides small enough for a small child to grasp.
A ladder or steps should be at both ends of the pool.
There should be a fence at least six feet high around all sides of the pool with a locked gate to keep children out when there is no supervision. The fence should be constructed so it is difficult to climb.
Lawn furniture, trees and shrubs should not be close enough to a pool fence to provide an easy boost over the fence. Avoid using a side of the house in place of fencing to keep toddlers or pets from wandering into the pool area through an open door or window.
Check the pool and pool equipment periodically for cleanliness and good maintenance. Cover all sharp edges and protruding bolts; repair rickety or broken ladders and railings. Replace non-slip materials when they wear out.
Mark water depths. Use a safety float line where the bottom slope deepens.
Electrical equipment should be installed by a licensed electrician in accordance with local safety codes.
Keep electrical appliances such as radios, out of the pool area to avoid the hazard of electrical shock.
Check local ordinances and codes for additional safety requirements.
Keep rescue devices and first aid supplies near the pool.
Teach children to float or swim as soon as possible.
Provide competent adult supervision when the pool is in use.